উপনিবেশ ও বিউপনিবেশায়ন
উপনিবেশ, শিল্পবিপ্লব,পশ্চিমা আধুনিকতার নানামাত্রিক অভিজ্ঞতা এবং সেসবের চলমান পর্যালোচনা, উত্তর-উপনিবেশিক বৈশ্বিক অভিজ্ঞতা, বি-উপনিবেশায়নের অনুশীলনের নানামাত্রিক অভিজ্ঞতা, জনমানুষের নানামাত্রিক মুক্তির সংগ্রামকে বিবেচনায় রাখবে নতুন পঞ্জিকা। সেসব বিবেচনা করে সময়,ইতিহাস, এবং সংস্কৃতিকে সমাজের সার্বিক মঙ্গলের দৃষ্টিভঙ্গি থেকে দেখা, জানা, বোঝা, জীবন ও সমাজে সেই বুঝের অনুশীলন বিকাশের জন্যে প্রয়োজনীয় তথ্য, জ্ঞান, অভিজ্ঞতার ভান্ডার হিসেবে কাজ করবে নতুন পঞ্জিকা। তার অংশ হিসাবে এ বিভাগে দরকারি বই-পত্রের হদিস দেয়া হবে। তালিকাটি অসম্পূর্ণ ও চলমান।
Elementary Aspects of Peasant Insurgency in Colonial India
‘This classic work in subaltern studies explores the common elements present in rebel consciousness during the Indian colonial period. Ranajit Guha—intellectual founder of the groundbreaking and influential Subaltern Studies Group—describes from the peasants’ viewpoint the relations of dominance and subordination in rural India from 1783 to 1900.
Challenging the idea that peasants were powerless agents who rebelled blindly against British imperialist oppression and local landlord exploitation, Guha emphasizes their awareness and will to effect political change.’
The Nation and Its Fragments:Colonial and Postcolonial Histories
“An original and powerful analysis of the emergence of anticolonial nationalism and the postcolonial state. . . . This is not merely a book on nationalism in India with some ‘comparative’ implications. Instead, it presents the historical case of colonial nationalism to challenge the Eurocentricity of certain basic categories–the nations-state, modernity, and indeed history itself.”–Gyan Prakash, Princeton University
The Wretched of the Earth
‘A distinguished psychiatrist from Martinique who took part in the Algerian Nationalist Movement, Frantz Fanon was one of the most important theorists of revolutionary struggle, colonialism, and racial difference in history. Fanon’s masterwork is a classic alongside Edward Said’s Orientalism or The Autobiography of Malcolm X, and it is now available in a new translation that updates its language for a new generation of readers. The Wretched of the Earth is a brilliant analysis of the psychology of the colonized and their path to liberation. Bearing singular insight into the rage and frustration of colonized peoples, and the role of violence in effecting historical change, the book incisively attacks the twin perils of post independence colonial politics: the disenfranchisement of the masses by the elites on the one hand, and intertribal and interfaith animosities on the other. Fanon’s analysis, a veritable handbook of social reorganization for leaders of emerging nations, has been reflected all too clearly in the corruption and violence that has plagued present-day Africa. The Wretched of the Earth has had a major impact on civil rights, anticolonialism, and black consciousness movements around the world, and this bold new translation by Richard Philcox reaffirms it as a landmark.’null
Discourse on Colonialism
“Cesaire’s essay stands as an important document in the development of third world consciousness–a process in which [he] played a prominent role.”
This classic work, first published in France in 1955, profoundly influenced the generation of scholars and activists at the forefront of liberation struggles in Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean. Nearly twenty years later, when published for the first time in English, Discourse on Colonialism inspired a new generation engaged in the Civil Rights, Black Power, and anti-war movements.
Aime Cesaire eloquently describes the brutal impact of capitalism and colonialism on both the colonizer and colonized, exposing the contradictions and hypocrisy implicit in western notions of “progress” and “civilization” upon encountering the “savage,” “uncultured,” or “primitive.” Here, Cesaire reaffirms African values, identity, and culture, and their relevance, reminding us that “the relationship between consciousness and reality are extremely complex. . . . It is equally necessary to decolonize our minds, our inner life, at the same time that we decolonize society.” An interview with Cesaire by the poet Rene Depestre is also included.’
Decolonization: Perspectives from Now and Then
‘”Decolonization brings together the most cutting edge thinking by major historians of decolonization, including previously unpublished essays, and writings by leaders of decolonizing countries, including Ho Chi-minh and Jawaharlal Nehru. The chapters in this volume present a move away from Western analysis of decolonization, towards the angle of vision of the former colonies. This is a groundbreaking study of a subject central to recent global history.”
1 Introduction: the decolonization of Asia and
Africa in the twentieth century – PRASENJIT DUARA, Part I
In their own words. The three principles of the people- SUN YAT-SEN, The path that led me to Leninism – HO CHI MINH, The importance of the national idea: changes necessary in India – JAWAHARLAL NEHRU, Algeria unveiled – FRANTZ FANON, Diagnosing an illness – JALAL AL-I AHMAD, Society and ideology – KWAME NKRUMAH, Imperialism and nationalism . Contested hegemony: the Great War and the Afro-Asian assault on the civilizing mission
ideology – MICHAEL ADAS, The world of history and the world-as-history twentieth-century theories of imperialism – PATRICK WOLFE, The revolt against the West – GEOFFREY BARRACLOUGH, My ambition is much higher than independence’: US power, the UN world, the nation-state, and
their critics , JOHN D. KELLY AND MARTHA KAPLAN, Empire preserv’d: how the Americans put anticommunism before anti-imperialism – WILLIAM ROGER LOUIS AND RONALD ROBINSON, The troubled history of partition – RADHA KUMAR, Regions and themes. ` Don’t paint nationalism red!’: national revolution and socialist anti-imperialism – RONALD GRIGOR SUNY, Islamic renewal and the ‘failure of the West’ – JOHN O. VOLL, The dialectics of decolonization: nationalism and
labour movements in post-war French Africa – FREDERICK COOPER, Social construction of idealized images of women in colonial Korea: the ‘new woman’ versus ‘motherhood’ – JIWEON SHIN, National divisions in Indochina’s decolonization – STEIN TØNNESSON, Colonial formations and deformations: Korea, Taiwan and Vietnam – BRUCE CUMINGS.
Edward W. Said
The Darker Side of Western Modernity: Global Futures, Decolonial Options
Walter D. Mignolo
During the Renaissance and the Enlightenment, coloniality emerged as a new structure of power as Europeans colonized the Americas and built on the ideas of Western civilization and modernity as the endpoints of historical time and Europe as the center of the world. Walter D. Mignolo argues that coloniality is the darker side of Western modernity, a complex matrix of power that has been created and controlled by Western men and institutions from the Renaissance, when it was driven by Christian theology, through the late twentieth century and the dictates of neoliberalism. This cycle of coloniality is coming to an end. Two main forces are challenging Western leadership in the early twenty-first century. One of these, “dewesternization,” is an irreversible shift to the East in struggles over knowledge, economics, and politics. The second force is “decoloniality.” Mignolo explains that decoloniality requires delinking from the colonial matrix of power underlying Western modernity to imagine and build global futures in which human beings and the natural world are no longer exploited in the relentless quest for wealth accumulation.
COLONIALITY AND MODERNITY/RATIONALITY
Modernity/coloniality’ is a concept first used by Aníbal Quijano and later developed by Walter Mignolo. It refers to the way in which the concepts (modernity and coloniality) are inseparable –two sides of the same coin. Like many postcolonialists, decolonialists seek to draw attention to the relation between colonialism and the narrative of modernity, through which much of the world’s history has come to be understood. Modernity, then, is viewed as an epistemological frame that is inseparably bound to the European colonial project.
Decolonialists seek to move beyond what they see as the over-geographical determinism present in various critiques of Eurocentrism, towards an epistemic conception of coloniality. Thus, epistemic hegemony is not limited to particular places, and decolonial thinkers suggest that there is a history of epistemic violence in every geographical location, including the West. If the rhetoric of modernity maintains a logic of coloniality, even critical work emerging from within the geographical and epistemological heartlands of the old empires cannot escape the logic.
Coloniality of Gender
The coloniality of gender builds upon the coloniality of power, as developed by leading theorists in the decoloniality group, Aníbal Quijano and Walter Mignolo. The coloniality of power is understood to act to dismantle ‘Other’ knowledges and ways of life, and is the persistent categorical and discriminatory discourse that is reflected in the social and economic structures of modern postcolonial societies. María Lugones, a leading decolonial theorist and member of the decoloniality group, adjusts Quijano’s formulation of the coloniality of power through a deeper consideration of gender and its entwined relationship with race. She argues that Quijano’s understanding of sex/gender as defined by patriarchal and heterosexual contestations over “sexual access” is a paradoxically Eurocentered understanding of gender. She therefore sees Quijano’s framework as a further means through which the subjection and disempowerment of colonised women can be obscured.